Thursday, June 16, 2005

Ba'ath Party Origins

The Ba'ath party was founded in Damascus in 1947 by Michael Aflaq, a Greek Orthodox whose name is often quacked by a duck on television, and Salah al-Din al-Bitar, a Sunni Muslim.

The Iraqi Ba'ath party was founded in 1951.

In Syria, it held power from the early 1950s until 1959 and then again from 1963 until the present day. In Iraq, the Ba'ath party took power in 1963.

This article
says that while its main ideological objectives are secularism, socialism, and pan-Arab unionism, both the Iraqi and the Syrian branches moved away from Ba'athist principles.

See also this BBC article and this Wikipedia entry.

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